Category Archives: Church Planting Movements (CPM)

What’s a CPM?

DNA Characteristics of a Church Planting Movement

Missiologist David Garrison defines a Church Planting Movement as “a rapid and multiplicative increase of indigenous churches-planting-churches within a given people group or population segment.”


  • God is the initiator of CPMs – they are His work and for His Glory (Habakkuk 2:14; Ephesians 3:20-21)
  • The Holy Spirit is the Author, Equipper, and Empowerer of CPMs (Acts 1:8; 10:38; Romans 15:18-20)
  • Scripture is the foundation of all beliefs and practices (2 Tim 3:16-17; guiding all changes in tradition)


  • God gives vision for reaching an UPG/city/tribe/nation to a person/team (Mt 28:18-20; Luke 10:1-12; Acts 19:10)    5)   Vision is shared and co-laborers are raised up (initially outsiders, but they then help those inside the movement reproduce vision casting)


  • Intimacy with God & hearing the Holy Spirit’s voice in prayer is primary (John 10:27; Act 1:14; 2:42; Eph 6:18)
  • Desperate, continual, and specific intercession & fasting for the lost in the harvest is foundational (Luke 10:2)
  • Pray for Kingdom signs and wonders to open the door for the Gospel of King Jesus (Luke 10:9)
  • Doing spiritual warfare praying is essential (Ephesians 6:10-20; both personal & team)
  • Mobilizing intercessors and prayer walkers is critical


  • Holy Spirit-led relationships with the lost in the harvest create access for evangelism (Luke 10:5-8)
  • Use access to find and cultivate “Persons of Peace” (Mt 10:1-16; Mk 6:7-13; Luke 9:1-6; Luke 10:1-12)
  • Continually share Jesus in both truth and power (Luke 10:9; “The Kingdom of God is near” &“Heal the sick”)
  • Use culturally-appropriate evangelism (1 Cor 9:19-23)
  • Evangelism in Oikos (households and relational networks) is your main focus (Luke 10:5-8)


  • Disciple lost people/oikos’ to commitment with Christ (Matthew 28:19; John 6:43-47)
  • Teach them to love Jesus and obey His commands (Deut 6:4-9; Matthew 28:20; John 14:15)
  • Train all new converts to begin reaching their oikos and reproducing immediately (Mt 28:19-20; Lk 10:5-12)
  • Persecution is normal and prepared for (Luke 21:12-19; John 15:20; 2 Timothy 3:12)


  • Outside leaders Model, Assist, Watch, Leave (M.A.W.L.; reproducible by those inside the movement)
  • Inside leaders lead everything
  •  Equip & empower all the saints to do the ministry through on-the-job training (Eph 4:11-13; Phil 4:9)
  • Local leaders are self-supporting (outside funds that might create dependency are avoided)
  • Reproducing multiplying generations of new leaders is critical – it should be your primary focus!
  • (2 Tim 2:2; a CPM is really a leadership training & multiplication movement)


  • Churches are discipled oikos’ that become obeying congregations (usually meeting in homes or wherever is safe and convenient)
  •  Scripture, the Holy Spirit, and good Christian modeling are all they need
  • Gatherings: Often small & relational, simple, participatory, and led by the Holy Spirit (Acts 2:42; 1 Cor. 14:26)
  • Begin multiplying new generations of disciples, leaders, groups, and churches immediately (2 Timothy 2:2)
  • Develop vision for the harvest and reach out beyond culture/group (Mt 28:18-10; Luke 10:1-2; Acts 19:10)
  • Discern how to redeem local culture

Plan & Evaluate

  • Prayerfully prepare a plan of “What God will do” for the End Vision (Acts 19:10; Romans 15:18-19)
  • Be very honest in evaluating both strengths and weaknesses and make all necessary changes
  • Be accountable to God and each other

Resources (Books / Websites)

Garrison, David. Church Planting Movements.  /

Patterson, George. Church Multiplication Guide.  /

Sergeant, Curtis. “First Steps” Training. /

Shank, Nathan. “Four Fields of Kingdom Growth” Manual. /

T4T: A Discipleship Re-Revolution. /

Sutter, Kevin. Keys to Church Planting Movements. /

Watson, David. “Discovery Bible Studies.” /